Fever is a very common symptom of illness in our environment. It is indicative of many different types of ailments. While it is nearly present in common diseases like malaria, not every fever is caused by malaria.

Many people assume that once you have a fever,you have malaria. This is not true. malaria is merely one of many causes of fever. The two conditions are thus not synonymous with interchangeable meanings. Fever means an increase in normal body temperature beyond the normal range of 36.50 to 37.50 Celsius and it is often referred to as PYREXIA.

The symptoms of a fever are hotness of the body with associated chills,which is a feeling of cold within the body as the temperature rises and becomes hot. When it has stopped doing so, there is rise in the heart rate and the breathing pattern becomes quicker. In children and in the elderly,the palms and the soles of the feet becomes cold paradoxically. At a high grade,children hallucinate and could have nightmares. From infancy to the age of seven, the potential for convulsion is high and in the elderly,there is confusion and delirium as a result of fever and the appetite may become worse.

Fever is one of the  most common signs of illness seen in clinical practice and it occurs in response to a variety of situations as it is seen in infections such as malaria,typhoid, meningitis,pneumonia and tonsillitis.  It is also seen in ear,bones and joints infections as well as blood borne and respiratory tract infections. Viral diseases such as hepatitis,AIDS,common cold and measles will also cause fever.

It is so much present in many types of condition that it is very harmful for individuals to sit back at home and assume that they know what is responsible for a particular type of fever and fail to consult the doctor early enough.


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